GÃ‰ANT is a high-bandwidth network that provides advanced interconnectivity between Europe's National Research and Education Networks (NRENs) through 50Â 000 kilometres of mostly optical fibre. 40 million researchers and students across Europe, who use GÃ‰ANT, will be able to better tackle the new science challenges thanks to networking innovation and advanced user services. From 2012 researchers from all over the world will enjoy connection speeds of up to 100 Gigabits per second, ten times higher than previously. Faster speeds will, for example help scientists to work better together and will also enable them to process massive amounts of data that come from other projects. GÃ‰ANT 3 is receiving â‚¬93 million in funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) and a similar amount from NRENs and will run until 2012.
The GÃ‰ANT 3 project is developing a portfolio of advanced services like bandwidth on demand for specific project requirements. This means that, for example, astronomers exploring the universe can combine data gathered from radio telescopes over GÃ‰ANT with a special "on demand" connection rather than needing a specific, "always on" data transmission line allowing an optimized usage of the resource. By investing in advanced technologies, the new generation of the GÃ‰ANT project aims at keeping Europe at the forefront of research networking and e-Science that rely on advanced use of ICT tools, as well as in the lead of shaping the internet of the future. GÃ‰ANT 3, building on the successes of its predecessors, also seeks to address the digital divide faced by the research and education community, by working towards matching the cost of connectivity and improving network links across Europe.