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Metadata | Interoperability | SDI
The need for a local SDI in Piedmont derives from three main factors:
-Great involvement of local public authorities in activities regarding spatial information, as collecting, managing, distributing and using spatial data at regional, provincial and municipal levels;
-High fragmentation of public sector organisations, with more than 1200 municipalities (out of 8100 in Italy);
-The presence of CSI-Piemonte, a Consortium of local Public Administration Authorities founded in 1977 by law: CSI is involved in several e-Government project and coordinates many activities among associated bodies on ICT, data-exchange and data-sharing services, geographic information systems.
Piedmont Region, thanks to the experience in legal interoperability started with the realization of the â€œDiscipline of useâ€ for the Infrastructure of Spatial Data SITAD, has prosecuted on this way with a new analysis, in order to realize a more complete â€œGuidelines about the use of geographic informationâ€ and to create a set of â€œstandard geolicenseâ€. These new click-licenses will be the aim to protect geospatial resource of Public Administration bodies, but also to help final user to know usage rights related to a specific geospatial resource. The â€œgeolicenseâ€ defines terms and conditions for the licensee (end user), who acquires a set of rights (permitted uses, display, download, format, distribution).
The goal of the â€œdissemination planâ€ realized by SITAD Community, is the creation of a thematic network, in which Piedmont Region and SITAD carry out a strong coordination activity, in order to generate understanding and consensus across Europe, through the use of best practices and solutions. Participation in national and international initiatives, moving beyond the local level, is absolutely necessary in order to transfer knowledge and awareness to supporters and other GI actors on the theme of geographic information enrichment.
Standards and specifications used for geographical data and cooperation between SITAD and other territorial subjects, both at national and international level, contribute to the spread and dissemination of added-value spatial information and to solve some problems concerning harmonization of different spatial data initiatives.
Besides activities and initiatives that have already been started, it will also be necessary preparing future feasible cross-border networking and sustainability plans, concerning future trans-national projects and activities lined to the quality of GI, such as trans-regional data services connectivity and interoperability.
In this context the comparison between SITAD and other similar projects or frameworks will be very important. Even if the differences between systems or functions are innumerable or instead are few, it will be possible in any case to make existing systems interoperable, accessible and useable as much as possible. This aim is achieved for example by participation of Piedmont Region and CSI Piemonte to some eContentplus projects, as eSDI-Net+, GIS4EU and EURADIN. Some projects will be analysed for just one or many specific features, i.e. we will take into consideration systems using WMS protocol, systems making a thematic network or using standard and international specifications, and then they will be compared with SITAD solutions, in order to improve the common framework of a shared thematic network.
SITAD is a Spatial Data Infrastructure, and for its role it is shared with the whole Public Administration of Piedmont Region. With an initial cost for the implementation, now many regional bodies are using this Infrastructure in order to share their territorial and environmental data and metadata, saving time and costs.
Lesson 1 - the importance of sharing information among PAs and citizens, in order to improve riuse and saving time and costs;
Lesson 2 - the attention to Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and data licenses;
Lesson 3 - the importance of taking part to several initiatives led in different institutional forums, at national and international level, in order to create a Community interested in GI
The report of the workshop of our community, held in Wien on 14 January 2009, is now available for downlaod at http://www.epractice.eu/files/upload/workshop/11651-1234454035.pdf.
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One advantage of broadcasting media (such as TV) is the fairly straightforward number of providers. Every provider is registered, and every contributer (e.g. author) to a provider is also recorded. This neatly layouted system is breaking apart as broadcasting media are replaced by websites that come and go and contributors that come and go. Broadcasting media are a key building block of traditional democracies and as they vanish, so will traditional democracies.
The questions is, how does "modern" democracy look like? It is not too farfetched to assume that democracy will go where opinion-forming and public deliberation are going at rapid speeds. If we, who grew up with broadcasting media are embracing the internet, how much more will those who grew up with the internet do so?
It's not a question of whether traditional democracies will be replaced or not, it's a question of how. A core tenet of institutional theory posits that institutional forms vanish most of the times not via revolutions but via small incremental steps away from the old and towards a new form. One response is to ignore early signs (such as voter dissatisfaction) and resume business as usual. Another response is to exploit early signs and actively engage in the construction of what is already in the making.
How can we visualize the early signs that show what is already in the making? It would allow to trace the socio-technical evolution, to add 1 + 1 together, and to project possible future trajectories. That way, we are are able to steward the process, rather than to reactively respond to it. The project comuno is one vivid example of how the process of internet-enabled opinion-forming and public deliberation can be traced to inform strategies and courses of actions ( http://www.epractice.eu/cases/comuno ).
Coming from india, the application has a direct relevance and applicability to disaster response and security applications. More so in situations where there is no single chain of command and there are a multiplicity of agencies needing to work together in the same geography for a concerted action.